The Broholmer is a Mastiff-type of dog of large size, rectangular and strongly built, with a composed and powerful movement. Its appearance is dominated by the powerful forequarters. The head is massive and wide, the neck is sturdy with some loose skin, the chest is broad and deep. At rest the head is carried rather low and stooping, and the tail is hanging down sabre-like. When moving, the tail is carried higher, but not over the topline. When the dog is attentive or aroused, the head is carried higher and the tail is raised above horizontal.
The Broholmer is also known as the Danish Mastiff. They date back to the late 1500s as a descendant of the Viking dogs that were crossbred with English Mastiffs. These were crossed with German dogs. The popular estate guard was revered and given as gifts between royalty. They were presented to the Danish Court and became well established as the "original Great Dane" dog. As hunting methods changed, the need and expense of maintaining such a large dog caused the breed to become almost extinct by the mid 1800s. Danish nobleman, Niels Frederik Sehested, took it upon himself to protect this revered breed from extinction and began a breeding program. The breed became named after his estate, Castle Broholmer. The Broholmer continued to thrive but had several setbacks in the 20th Century including an outbreak of distemper and the World Wars. Today there are only two known specimens of this breed in the Western Hemisphere, and a little of puppies is expected in late 2013.
The Broholmer is calm, good tempered, friendly, yet watchful. Must show great self-confidence.
Breed Club Links: The Broholmer Club of the USA.
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Photo courtesy of Wikipedia.