Click Here To Sign Up!
BaxterBoo Blog
October 4, 2012

Meet the Breed: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

main image

Cavalier King Charles Puppy by Karin Vogt.


  • Height: 12-15 inches
  • Weight: 10-18 pounds
  • Historical function: Royal companion, light field hunting
  • Modern function: Companion
  • AKC Classification: Toy
  • Tricolor Prince Charles Spaniel photo by Jelene Morris.

Physical Characteristics:

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a beautiful, well-proportioned dog with a silky coat with feathering on its long ears, chest, legs, feet, and tail. They are available in four colors: The dark chestnut and white variety are known as Blenheim. The black and tan markings are called the King Charles color. Ruby colored Cavaliers should be a uniform chestnut color. The Prince Charles coloring is tricolored with black, tan, and white.

History of Breed:

During the 16th Century in England, small spaniels were popular among the nobility as lap warmers and comforters. The popular pug was interbred with these spaniels and the King Charles Spaniel emerged with several pug features, especially the stub nose. A desire to return to the earlier long-nose version was encouraged in the 1920s, and the Cavalier King Charles version was developed to model the old style. World War II was a huge setback for the breed and numbers dwindled to just six dogs, potentially a source of the many genetic health issues this dog is prone to.


The Cavalier King Charles is an eager, lively, and pleasing pet that prefers to be near you but isn't demanding. They are intelligent, patient, eager to follow commands, and will get along with other dogs and other household pets.

  • Best suited for: Apartment life, families, children, senior citizens, good with other pets.
  • Preferred living conditions: Prefers to be around people. Does not tolerate heat well.

Care and Health

  • Grooming requirements: Regular brushing and occasional bathing. Average shedder.
  • Exercise needs: Daily walk.
  • Life expectancy: 9-14 years
  • Health concerns: Mitral valve prolapse (which leads to heart failure), hip dysplasia, Syringomyelia, episodic falling, bleeding disorders, early deafness, and eye problems. Has a tendency to overeat.

Breed Club Links: Since this breed is plagued with unfortunate health concerns, be sure to do your research and find a reputable breeder! Visit: American Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club, Inc. BaxterBoo Perfect Pairings:  Double-Sided Pin Comb by Pet Head. Featured image by Don DeBold.

Have any stories to share about the lovely Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?

What do you think?

You are not logged in.
This entry was posted by Mary.

Recent Articles

article image

October 25, 2016

What to Do to Prevent Feline Weight Gain

Fat cats are cute, but they aren’t always healthy. Some breeds are built to be larger than others, but in any case, indoor cats still have a tendency to exceed expectations. When they do, it’s just like when humans have extreme weight tha

article image

October 25, 2016

Watch This: One Guilty Pup

Love how the other two give him up!  How can you be mad at such a cutie?!

article image

October 24, 2016

Top Tips to Get the Best Photo Op With Your Pup

It’s fall, and that means Halloween! It’s not hard to figure out why this is so many people’s favorite time of year. Between apple cider, pumpkin spice, and the costumes, every day of the month is a treat, and the opportunity to dre

Subscribe to

Baxter's Backyard!