Meet the Breed: Papillon
Puppy photo courtesy of Richie Diesterheft.
Overview: Â· Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Height: 8-11 Â· Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Weight: (Male 8-10 lbs.), (Female 7-9 lbs.) Â· Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Historical function: Companion to royal and merchant families. Â· Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Modern function: Companion Â· Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â AKC classification: Toy
Physical Characteristics: Papillon means butterfly in French, which is an apt designation for the butterfly-like appearance of this breeds upright fringed ears. There is a drop-eared version within the breed called Phalene after the French word for moth. The AKC recognizes these two variations as being the same breed. These are fine-boned, active, elegant toy dogs with a mask of color that covers the ears and eyes of the dog. A white blaze between the eyes and covering the small, tapered muzzle is particularly desirable as is symmetry of the mask to enhance the butterfly appearance. All colors are acceptable except for liver or an all-white dog. The tail is long and curved over the back with long hair. This is a single-coated dog without an undercoat. The drop-eared Phalene Papillon. Photo courtesy of mank0702.
History of breed: The Papillon can be traced through European art originally depicting only the drop-eared Phalene toy spaniel version. Eventually a version with erect ears developed and became so popular in the 19th century that the butterfly version eclipsed the drop-eared types with the whole breed being called Papillon after the butterfly nickname. The Phalene has had a recent resurgence in popularity, however. Both versions are often still present in a single litter and accepted in the show ring.
BaxterBoo Perfect Pairings: http://www.baxterboo.com/search.cfm/butterfly
Featured image courtesy of Andrea Arden.
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