Meet the Cat Breed: The Persian



The Persian Cat is named after Persia, the former name of Iran, where similar long-haired cats originated. The Persian is easily recognized by their round faces, shortened muzzle and long coat. In spite of an often perpetually-bored expression and a reputation for being a diva, this breed is typically mellow, easy to get along with and affectionate. There are two types of Persians: the show version with a particularly flat-faced appearance, and the older type which has a more pronounced muzzle.

Physical Characteristics:

The Persian is a beautiful cat characterized by a round face, round body style, and long fur. The face of the show-type cat is very flat (brachiocephalic) with the top edge of the nose being at the same level as the bottom of the eyes. As with dogs with this pushed-in face, breathing and other health problems may occur. Eye tearing and infections are also common. Due to these health problems, many Persian fanciers have made a push to breed back to the original type in which the muzzle is slightly more extended and, for some, more aesthetically appealing. This style is often called the "dollface" Persian. Persian coats come in over 80 color combinations. 

History of the Breed:

The origin of the Persian cat is not as obvious as the name would suggest. Genetic research has indicated that the greatest contributor to the present-day Persian is not from Persia, but rather from Western Europe, though long-haired cats imported from Persia into Italy in 1620. Very similar cats, called Angoras, were imported from Turkey to France, and the two breeds were interbred to the point where it was difficult to categorize a Persian can from an Angoran one. In the 1950s, a spontaneous mutation common in red tabby Persians became known as the Peke-faced Persian where the flat faced was especially pronounced. This condition was named after the Pekingese dog, which also has a flat face. This trait became prized by fanciers and established firmly into the Persian line. 


The Persian is a docile, laid-back couch potato that can be playful, but would rather watch the world and their subjects from a plush throne. They get along with most anyone, including other pets and gentle, respectful children. 

  • Best suited for: Apartment dwellers, the elderly, and quiet families looking for an easy-going companion.
  • Preferred living conditions: This cat would do well with a hairstylist.

Care and Health:

  • Grooming requirements: The long, heavy coat requires considerable maintenance to keep it mat free including regular bathing, drying, and daily brushing. Some opt to shave the coat.
  • Exercise needs: Enjoys a cat teasing toy, but will generally be content just sitting near you. Engage this cat in activity to prevent obesity.
  • Life expectancy: 15-18 years.
  • Health concerns: May be prone to several eye and breathing problems, particularly for the Peke-faced style. 

Breed Club Links: The Persian Cat Club Perfect Pairings: Long Hair FURminator for Large Cats

Have any stories about a Persian? Please share!

Ready to Adopt a Persian? Visit to find available Persians to adopt!

Photo courtesy of Joanne Goldby.

This entry was posted by Mary.
What do you think?

You are not logged in.
Post Comment >
Find Us On
Follow Me on Pinterest
Recent Articles
Watch This: Cat Keeps Her Cool No Matter What
Didga is one cool cucumber. Nothing seems to faze her - not strong winds, strange dogs or walking in the ocean!
Continue Reading >
Help! My Cat Won't Use Her Litter Box!
One of the top reasons cats get relinquished to shelters is for litterbox issues. If you or a loved one is facing this choice with a cat, you need to read this!
Continue Reading >
Why Our Barking Basics Tanks Are Anything But Basic
Our new Barking Basics Tanks are an affordable pet wardrobe essential that will change how you commemorate and celebrate life's events!
Continue Reading >