The Caucasian Ovcharka is a massive, naturally-occuring dog that varies depending on the region it is from. When from the mountainous regions of Georgia, Azerbaijani and Armenia, it is sturdier in appearance with thicker hair. Dogs from the plains are rangier in appearance with shorter coats. The Caucasian Ovcharka has deep-set, dark brown eyes. The hips are slightly raised from the topline. The tail is profusely covered with long feathering of heavy hair. The legs are long, muscular with heavy bones. The paws are large and heavy, with hair between the toes, providing excellent insulation and protection. The nose is black and prominent with well opened, large nostrils. The thick, dense, weather-resistant coat has profuse feathering and is especially effective at keeping out the cold. Coat colors vary from gray, fawn, tan, pied, brindle and white. In its native country the Caucasian Ovtcharka's ears are cropped short.
The Caucasian Ovcharka breed originates in Georgia (the nation, not the state) but has spread through many countries. They were selected to be hardy and intelligent by both nature and shepherds, as they guarded livestock from predators in the Caucasus Mountains of the former Soviet Union. For hundreds of years the Caucasian Ovcharka has functioned as a guarding dog, herding dog, and historically as a fighting dog. Their faithfulness, protectiveness, and ferocity when called upon to defend is legendary.
The Caucasian Ovcharka's original purpose was to protect livestock. The typical Caucasian Ovtcharka is assertive, strong-willed and courageous. Unless properly socialized and trained, the Caucasian Shepherd may exhibit ferocious and unmanageable tendencies. It is very brave, alert, strong and hardy. It does not accept people it does not know and it has a powerful urge to defend. Everything and everyone who belongs to the family, including children, cats, other dogs, etc., will be regarded by this dog as part of "its" family and will be respected and protected. This dog should not be left alone with children, because if play becomes too rough, the Caucasian Ovtcharka my feel the need to protect your child, and may do it extensively. It has no time for strangers, but it will greet family friends warmly. It can be rather dominant toward other dogs it does not know.
Breed Club Links: Caucasian Ovcharka Club USA
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