BaxterBoo Blog
March 27, 2013

Meet the Breed: The English Toy Spaniel

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  • Height: 10"
  • Weight: 9-12 pounds
  • Historical function: Palace companion
  • Modern function: Companion, lap dog.
  • AKC classification: Toy

Physical Characteristics:

The English Toy Spaniel has a round, domed head, round, expressive brown eyes, and a pushed-in nose (often more pushed in than our featured photo.) The ears are long and heavily feathered. The body is square, sturdy and compact. There is lots of feathering on the body, chest, legs, and feet. The coat is straight to slightly wavy. The coat colors include the King Charles (black and tan - the most common), Blenheim (white and ruby), Prince Charles (tri-color - black, tan and white), and Ruby (solid red.) 

History of the Breed:

The Pug became fashionable in the 1600s and were interbred with the King Charles Spaniels to create a smaller spaniel with more of a domed head and pushed-in nose. These dogs became quite popular with the wealthy as lap and foot-warming companions. The black and tan variety were preferred with King Charles and retain his name.


The English Toy Spaniel is gentle and friendly yet have an aristocratic presence. These dogs play well with children and are peaceful and tolerant.

  • Best suited for: Almost any living situation where a gentle companion is desired. Excellent for apartment dwellers and travellers.
  • Preferred living conditions: Bred as a companion dog, this dog prefers to be with his people. Does not tolerate heat well due to the long coat and pushed-in nose. Prefers at least a small yard to explore.

Care and Health:

  • Grooming requirements: Easy-care coat needs brushing twice weekly. No trimming or stripping required. Average shedder.
  • Exercise needs: Daily walk and play will take care of their exercise needs.
  • Life expectancy: 10-12 years.
  • Health concerns: Like the Pug, the E.T. has difficulty breathing in hot weather and with overexertion due to their short muzzle. May snore and wheeze. May also suffer from heart problems, eye and ear infections.

Breed Club Links: English Toy Spaniel Club of America Perfect Pairings: Top Performance Top and Tail Wipes for ears and eye area.

Have any stories about an English Toy Spaniel? Please share!

Richard B Smith on January 19 at 11:20 AM said:

French Bulldog
hair app on March 15 at 4:55 PM said:

I don't get what the fuss is about this girl.

What do you think?

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This entry was posted by Mary.

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