BaxterBoo Blog
November 6, 2012

Meet the Breed: The Pomeranian

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It's been said that people often choose pets that reflect their own personality and even their appearance. I found this to be true with my first exposure to the Pomeranian dog breed. I vividly remember a pretty, petite girl in my neighborhood with lots of honey-colored hair and brown eyes who lived in my neighborhood where I grew up. She had these beautiful little fluffy dogs that matched her hair color perfectly. They made a striking picture as they walked in the sun! Though the girl seemed quiet, I remember the dogs being rather outspoken for such small creatures!

Pomeranian puppy photo by young thousands.


  • Height: 7-12
  • Weight: 3-7 pounds
  • Historical function: Herding
  • Modern function: Companion
  • AKC classification: Toy

Physical Characteristics:

Pomeranians are lively, small dogs with a profuse, long coat that comes in a variety of colors. They have a an inquisitive fox-like face and a fluffy tail that lays flat over the back. They are confident and agile.

History of Breed:

Pomeranian ancestry originated in arctic regions; however, the breed came to be associated with the Pomeranian region, an area that was in the northern parts of Germany and Poland. The original breed was much larger (30 pounds) and was used for sheep herding. The breed became popular with European royalty. Marie Antoinette and Mozart both owned Poms. One apparently kept Michelangelo company as he painted the Sistine Chapel. Queen Victoria began showing and breeding Pomeranians down in size in the 1880s, making them a very popular companion in England.


Pomeranians are energetic small dogs with a big-dog personality. Poms are unaware that they are small and may be territorial and challenge larger dogs; therefore, care must be taken to prevent injuries from an altercation. As poms are often willful and headstrong, It is important to properly socialize them against Small Dog Syndrome with a strong, calm, kind human pack leader. They are eager to please, friendly, and playful. They are suitable for companionship, agility, and as a watchdog. Prone to barking, its best to teach them to limit this behavior when young.

  • Best Suited for: Families with older children, the elderly, apartment dwellers, divas.
  • Preferred living conditions: Poms are very people oriented, so as long as they can be with their human family, they will be content.

Care and Health:

  • Grooming requirements: Poms have a profuse double-coat that sheds, and requires brushing a few times a week to prevent mats. Poms tend to have tartar buildup so brushing and veterinary dental exams are required. Poms only need rare baths and trimming of the nails.
  • Exercise needs: Pomeranians can get most exercise needs addressed with play; however, a daily walk is helpful for behavioral enhancement.
  • Life expectancy: 15 years.
  • Health concerns: The breed is prone to luxating patellas, hypothyroidism, alopecia (hair loss), collapsing tracheas, heart problems, seizures, and hypoglycemia.

Breed Club Links:

Perfect Pairings: Doggie Agility Obstacle Course for Smaller Dogs.  Long Hair FURminator for Small Dogs - Green. Kissable Dog Toothbrush and Toothpaste Combo.

Have any stories to share about Pomeranians?

Meet the Breed: The Pomeranian | Parrots, Pro on November 11 at 6:50 PM said:

[...] Meet the Breed: The Pomeranian. [...]
Dianne Bonewits on November 29 at 11:46 AM said:

Whoever said Poms only need a walk around the block never met EMMA. She is now 14 mo. old and races around a 23 acre dog park for at least an hour before slowing down. She always takes her Pitbull X with her. The two of them race like a greyhound and a whippet.
Mary on November 29 at 1:56 PM said:

Emma sounds adorable and fun!
Max on September 12 at 1:24 AM said:

While these are mostly true, keep in mind that personality will vary drastically between animals, even if they're part of the same breed. Some will be very physically active (and demanding) while others will just want to lay down on the couch all day. Some poms will be very vocal (read: bark a lot) while others very quiet. You can't really generalize all dogs based on their breed.
Baxter on September 14 at 3:39 PM said:

That is a great insight, Max! Thanks for commenting.

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